PCOD: Symptoms, Diagnosis and treatment
PCOD is a hormone-related issue. The primary female hormones are oestrogen and progesterone, with some androgen, a male hormone, also found in females. PCOD is caused by an imbalance in these hormones. It is not entirely clear why or how variations in hormone levels occur. These modifications cause issues with the ovaries’ ovulation process, resulting in the creation of numerous immature eggs. Mature eggs do not develop. Normal ovulation occurs when one or more eggs develop and are released during a single menstrual cycle. PCOD is named by the fact that eggs are not released from the ovaries, resulting in the formation of many tiny cysts in the ovary leading to the name – PolyCystic Ovarian Syndrome. Women with this illness frequently have a mother or sister who has symptoms similar to polycystic ovary syndrome, hence it is assumed to have a hereditary origin. PCOS is most commonly diagnosed in women in their twenties or thirties. However, it is possible that it will also impact teenage girls. PCOD affects roughly 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age (12–45 years old). It is regarded to be one of the most common endocrine problems in women of reproductive age and one of the primary causes of infertility.
Initially, symptoms are usually modest. You may simply experience a few symptoms or a slew of them. It is uncommon for an unexpected discovery to occur during a normal ultrasound if the female is not experiencing any symptoms of PCOD. The most common symptoms are:
- Delayed cycles, scanty menstrual bleeding, or irregular spotting during the menstrual cycle.
- Excessive weight gain.
- Extra facial hair. Often women get thicker and darker facial hair.
- Hair fall (scalp)
- Difficulty in conceiving (infertility).
A history of menstrual abnormalities with weight gain or excessive facial hair suggests PCOD. An ultrasound of the ovaries reveals a clear diagnosis since the ovaries are often multicystic or polycystic. Blood tests to determine hormone levels can be used to confirm the diagnosis. Blood tests are also performed to assess glucose metabolism, which has been reported to be abnormal in certain cases of PCOD.
Regular exercise and a well-balanced diet are essential for therapy. Weight loss should be attempted through exercise and nutrition control, preferably under the supervision of a dietician.
Hormonal tablets are frequently required and should only be used under competent medical supervision.
Metformin, a diabetic medication, may also be required.
If you are attempting to conceive, fertility medications will be required.
If the preceding treatments do not resolve the issue, surgical therapy by laparoscopic surgery is required. We can, however, declare that it is a curable condition. You should be aware of it so that therapy may begin as soon as possible. So, for treatment, see the best Gynaecologist in Noida.