Ovarian Cysts Treatment
Ovarian Cysts: Symptoms, Diagnosis and treatment
The ovaries are a vital component of the female anatomy. They are found in pairs in the female reproductive system, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is around the size and shape of a little almond. The ovaries are the primary source of the feminine hormones oestrogen and progesterone. They have an influence on a woman’s breast growth, appearance, and body hair. They also control menstruation and pregnancy.
A cyst is a fluid-filled sac that can be found in any part of the body. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets that can be found inside or on the surface of the ovary. Cysts of many sorts can occur in the ovary.
Many cysts are entirely normal. These are known as functional cysts, and they are fairly frequent. They occur throughout the egg development process. Functional cysts generally decrease with time, in a few months. If you have a functional cyst, you should have another check-up in 1 to 2 months to ensure that the cyst has shrunk or entirely dissipated. You should go to Gynecologist Obstetricians in South Delhi for this check-up. These cysts are hardly linked to malignancy. However, if you are menopausal and no longer have periods, you will not have functioning cysts.
Chocolate cysts, Simple cysts, and dermoid cysts are the other sorts of cysts.
Many women have ovarian cysts without having any symptoms. In some the cyst will cause these problems:
- Pressure, fullness, or pain in the abdomen
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Painful menstrual periods and abnormal bleeding
- Nausea or vomiting
To identify the type of cysts, the following tests are needed:
- Pelvic Ultrasound
- CA 125 blood test – It is a tumor marker and is often elevated in ovarian cancer.
The ovarian cysts can be treated in the following ways-
- Wait and watch: To determine whether the cyst’s size has altered, the patient must wait and be re-examined in one to three months. This is a frequent therapeutic option for women in their reproductive years who have no symptoms and a small cyst less than 5 cm in size.
- Surgery: If the cyst does not disappear after a few menstrual cycles, has grown in size, appears abnormal on ultrasound, causes discomfort, or the woman is postmenopausal, it must be removed. There are two surgical approaches:
Laparoscopy: If the cyst is tiny and seems non-cancerous on ultrasound, and CA-125 is normal, laparoscopy can be performed. This technique is performed while under general anaesthesia. In this operation, very tiny incisions of 0.5 to 1.0 cm are required.
Open Surgery: If the cyst is solid and appears worrisome, surgical surgery is required. In open surgery, the incision is extremely large.